Class 11 Biology chapter 1 Living World textbook solutions

Maharashtra state board Biology Textbook Solutions for Class 11 are very important and crusial that helps the students in understanding the hard topics and helps them in the preparation of class 11 board examination as well as verious compititive entrance examinations also. Studying the answers to the questions in the Biology textbook will check your understanding of a particular topic and helps you determine your strengths and weaknesses.

Class 11 Biology textbook Solutions for Class 11, Biology  Chapter 1 Living World maharashtra state board are provided here with simple step-by-step  detailed explanations. These solutions for Living World  are very popular among Class 11 students for biology chapter 1 Living World Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for compititive exams like NEET, CET abd verious medical entrance examination also. All questions and answers are taken from the class 11 Biology textbook, Bjology Textbook Solutions of Class  11 Biology Chapter 1 are provided here for you for without any charge its free for you. All Biology textbook Solutions for class 11. Solutions for class 11 Biology subject, These biology textbook solutions are prepared by   experts in the field and are 100% accurate for you.

1. Choose correct option
A. Which is not a property of living being?
a. Metabolism
b. Decay
c. Growth
d. Reproduction

B. A particular plant is strictly seasonal plant. Which one of the following is best suited if it is to be studied in the laboratory?
a. Herbarium
b. Museum
c. Botanical garden
d. Flower exhibition

C. A group of students found two 
cockroaches in the classroom. They had 
a debate whether they are alive or dead. 
Which life property will help them to do 
a. Metabolism
b. Growth
c. Irritability
d. Reproduction

2. Distinguish between botanical gardens, zoological park and biodiversity park with reference to characteristics
Answer : Botanical gardens - The places where there are specific varieties of flowers, trees and other green species.

Zoological parks - The places where different varieties of animals are kept aligned. These parks have a lot of significance.

Biodiversity parks are popular because of their temporal characteristics. Even in these parks, you can experience particular varieties.

3. Answer the following questions
A. Jijamata Udyan, the famous zoo in 
Mumbai has acclimatised humbolt 
penguins. Why should penguins be 
acclimatised when kept at a place away 
from their natural habitat?
Answer : The penguins should be acclimatised when kept at a place away from their natural habitat as their bodies are found to be streamlined in order to drag away the water and their wings are also shaped like flippers to facilitate flying underwater.

Hence, when penguins are kept away from their natural habitat in scanty water, they are unable to exhibit their natural behaviour.

B. Riya found peculiar plant on her visit to Himachal Pradesh. What are the ways 
she can show it to her biology teacher and get information about it?
Answer : Riya can get information about the peculiar plant if she can take a sample of it to her Biology teacher. The best way is to collect a leaf from the plant or some leaves along with a branch and show it to her teacher on returning.

She can also take pictures of the whole plant but it is necessary to take any sample in order to get a confirmed report about it.

C. At Andaman, authorities do not allow 
tourists to collect shells from beaches. 
Why it must be so?
Answer : ‘Andaman’ authorities do not allow tourists to collect ‘shells from beaches’ in order to protect their biodiversity and ecosystem. 

Andaman is an island which consists of a wide variety of forests and is very rich in ‘flora and fauna’. In addition it also contains a ‘large number’ of coral reserves. In order to protect all these ‘species’ in its own microbiome the government has laid various acts to prohibit people from carrying things out of Andaman. 

D. Why do we have green house in botanical gardens?
Answer : Green houses are the places where plants are grown in optimum temperatures.

  1. Plants may get exposed to extreme cold or hot temperatures
  2. Plants at early stages of growth and some rare species require only certain amount of heat.
  3. So to protect such types of plants green houses are build in botanical gardens.

E. What do you understand from terms like in situ and ex situ conservation?
Answer : Biodiversity conservation is the protection and management of biodiversity to obtain resources for sustainable development. Biodiversity conservation has three main objectives:  Sustainable utilization of species and ecosystem. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes.
In-situ conservation refers to the conservation of any species in its natural habitat without transferring them anywhere. It is also known as on-site conservation and the most appropriate method of conservation.

Ex-situ conservation refers to the conservation of any species outside its natural habitat. For example- storung to seeds, sperms, ova in gene banks, zoos, botanical gardens, etc.

4. Write short notes
A. Role of human being in biodiversity 
Answer : Human being is the most developed animal among all other animals. Explanation: Biodiversity is the richness of diversity among various species. ... So, it the the Responsibility of human beings to conserve biodiversity.

human being can conserve biodiversity as well as can destroy. By human activities like deforestation, forest fires etc the biodiversity of earth are destroyed. it can be conserved by baning human activities.

  1. Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains.
  2. The genetic diversity of plants and animals is preserved. 
  3. It ensures the sustainable utilisation of life support systems on earth.It provides a vast knowledge of potential use to the scientific community.
  4. A reservoir of wild animals and plants is preserved, thus enabling them to be introduced, if need be, in the surrounding areas.
  5. Biological diversity provides immediate benefits to the society such as recreation and tourism.
  6. Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future.

B. Importance of botanical garden.
Answer : Botanical gardens are the places where plants of different varieties collected from different parts of the world, are grown in a scientific and systematic in a in vivo manner. Plants are labeled. The label-board shows scientific as well as common name of the plant.

1. Taxonomic Studies:
Botanical gardens provide valuable information on various plants Local flora, bonsai, rare plants etc. They act as “outdoor laboratories” for students and researchers.

2. Botanical Research:
Botanical gardens supply wide range of plant species, seeds, flowers, fruits for botanical research.

3. Conservation:
Botanical gardens conserve and propagate rare species and genetic diversity.

4. Education:
They supply facilities for courses in local flora, horticulture, hybridization, plant propagation, etc.

5. How can you, as an individual, prevent the loss of Biodiversity?
Answer : Preventing the loss of biodiversity must be the primary goal of the entire human race and must be done at an immediate basis.

With a few simple habit changes and pro-active actions, you can reduce your adverse impact on the environment and encourage local biodiversity.

  1. Help Native Pollinators.
  2. Reduce or eliminate pesticides and fertilizer.
  3. Restore habitat in your yard.
  4. Restore habitat in your community.
  5. Reduce your consumption.