NCERT solutions for class 11 biology chapter 1 Living World | Easy Notes

NCERT solutions for class 11 biology chapter 1 Living World  | Easy Notes

Hello Students, Here are at ybstudy.com we Provide NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology students with precise solutions to all the exercise questions given in the CBSE Class 11 Biology textbook. It completely aligns with the CBSE board class 11 Biology Textbook. Ybstudy class 11 biology Chapter 1 Living World textbook solutions focused on building strong foundation of students, sharpen their skills and prepare them to face a competitive environment at National level effectively.

YB Study textbook Solutions gives you Excellence in academics, Aptitude, Skills, Competitive exams, Language proficiency, Cultivating Indian values. And these points will help them to groom from every prospective. These NCERT solutions for class 11 biology chapter 1 living world prepare students with subject knowledge as well as the skill to apply it in competitive examinations as well as Class 11 CBSE board examinations also.

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Class 11 Biology Chapter 1 Living world Important points to Remember 

  1. In this chapter we learn that living world is composed of living and non living organisms. There are Millions of plants and animals have identified, classified and described and still a large number of organisms and Micro-organisms are unknown. These organisms are vary in terms of size, colour, habitat, physiological and morphological Structure and features make us seek the defining characteristics of libing and non living organisms. 
  2. In order to study the different types and diversity of organisms biologists have make certain rules and principles for identification, nomenclature and classification of different organisms.
  3. The branch of science dealing with these aspects is known as taxonomy. The taxonomic studies of different species of plants and animals are useful in verious agricultural, forestry, industry and in general for knowing our bio-resources and their diversity. 
  4. The basics of taxonomy like identiication naming and classification of organisms are universally evolved under international codes. 
  5. Based on the resemblances and distinct differences, each organism is identified and assigned a correct scientific/biological name comprising two words as per the binomial system of nomenclature. 
  6. An organism represents/occupies a place or position in the system of classification. 
  7. There are many different categories/ranks are referred to as taxononmic categories or taxa. 
  8. All the categories constitute a taxonomic hierarchy. Taxonomists have developed a variety of taxonomic aids to facilitate Identification, naming and classification of organisms. These studies are carried out from the actual specimens which are collected from the field and preserved as referrals in the form of herbaria, museums and in botanical gardens and zoological parks. 
  9. It requires special techniques for collection and preservation of specimens in herbaria and museums. Live specimens, on the other hand, of plants and animals, are found in botanical gardens or in zoological parks. 
  10. Biologist also prepare and disseminate information through various manuals and monographs for taxonomic studies.
  11. Taxonomic keys are tools that help in identification based on characteristics of  organisms.


Read

  1. Biology investigatory project ideas
  2. What is cell ?
  3. Diversity in living world  NEET MCQs 
  4. Biological classification NEET MCQs 
  5. Eukaryotic cell  structure and function 
  6. Prokaryotic cell structure and function 


NCERT solutions for class 11 biology chapter 1 Living World  | Easy Notes

1. Why are living organisms are classified?

Answer

  1. Thousands of years ago, humans realized that there are large number of organisms and it was difficult to know all of them. 
  2. Some people start sought procedures to facilitate their study. For that purpose, Aristotle (384-322 BC) tried to group them together and create a special way to name them; For this, he considered its degree of simplicity or complexity and its behavior; He also thought that there were inferior beings and other superior ones, among them the human being. 
  3. For a long time, the best known classification was the two kingdom classification and in that all living things Classified into animals and plants . But when devices such as the microscope were invented, some organisms were discovered that showed their own characteristics, different from those two groups. 
  4. The three kingdom classification and lastly five kingdom classification which is a universally accepted theory of classification.
  5. These Classifying helps us to organize, to order. In our daily life we ​​classify, group different objects, plants or animals, even without giving that name to our way of proceeding. 
  6. The order that we obtain by grouping what we want to know or the things we have, makes our task easier.
  7. Even the most recent classifications are provisional, because new discoveries continue to be made about different forms of life. 
  8. The main value of all the classifications is that they have allowed us to know, increasingly better, the different organisms that exist.
  9. In all the previous centuries, by ordering and studying the world of living beings, the human being has made very valuable advances. 
  10. By classifying living things, people have come to recognize that plants and animals are no less important than we are. This has allowed us to locate the place that people have among them, not above them.


2. Why are the classification systems changing every now and then?
Answer

  1. It is accepted that the considerable different kinds of plants, animals and fungi  and Micro-organisms are discovered each of these has evolutionary lineages retain their kingdom status.
  2. Systematists also recognize additional kingdoms within the Eukarya domain, reflecting a number of very early evolutionary divisions within the diverse set of single-celled eukaryotes previously clustered in the Protista kingdom. 
  3. However, systematists have yet to reach a consensus around the precise definitions of the new prokaryotic and eukaryotic kingdoms. 
  4. So kingdom-level classification is in a state of transition, while systematics try to incorporate the most recent information.
  5. In the past two decades, a great deal of additional work has been done primarily to resolve relationships within the Eukarya domain. 
  6. After this, the morphological and embryological characteristics are considered, followed by the phylogenetic relationship, the cytology of an organism.
  7. In today day taxonomists uses verious biochemical techniques to classify the kinds of organisms based on their nucleic acid composition.
  8. Apparently, most of the biological diversity of eukaryotes is found among protists , and many scientists believe that it is highly inappropriate to group all protists into a single kingdom, as it was at the time to group all prokaryotes within the kingdom. Monera, since it is not a monophyletic group. Although many systems have been proposed, none of them have gained wide acceptance.

3. What different criteria would you choose to classify people that you meet often ?
Answer: The various criteria that may be chosen to classify people whom we meet often include there behaviour, location, morphological characteristics like Skin colour, hight, hair colour,  eye colour, family members, relatives, friends, etc.


4. What do we learn from  identification of individual and population?
Answer
  1. On the basis of characteristics of an any individual or its entire population helps to us to identify the similarities and dissimilarities between individuals of same kind or between different types of organisms. 
  2. It also helps to the scientists to classify organisms in various categories. In order to study the different types and diversity of organisms we can make certain rules and principles for identification, nomenclature and classification of individual and organism population. 
  3. These these individuals or population may be vary in terms of size, colour, habitat, physiological and morphological Structure and features. 
  4. Based on the resemblances and distinct differences, we can easily identified and assigned a correct scientific/biological name comprising two words as per the binomial system of nomenclature. 
  5. For that Taxonomists have developed a variety of taxonomic aids to facilitate Identification, naming and classification of organisms.


5. Given below is the scientific name of mango. Identify the correctly written name. 
Mangifera Indica
Mangifera indica 
Answer: The answer is Mangifera indica. Here mangifera is its genus name, and indica is its species name which is always written in lowercase.
  1. Common name: Mango
  2. Scientific name: Mangifera indica L
  3. Family: ANACARDIACEAE
  4. Class: Eudicotiledonea
  5. Geographic distribution: Native India and the Asian Tropics. It is distributed in India, it is grown in Spain, Costa Rica, Paraguay, China, Italy, the United States and Colombia. 
  6. From warm and temperate climates, altitude 0-1800 meters above sea level, precipitation 1500-2600 mm / year. Temperature 12-27ÂșC


6. Define a taxon. Give some examples of taxa at different hierarchical levels.
Answer: A taxon is a basic level of hierarchy in classification system of organisms. In other words we can say that each and every unit of classification is what we call as "Taxon".

Following are the hierarchical levels.
  1. Kingdom
  2. Phylum
  3. Class
  4. Order
  5. Family
  6. Genus 
  7. Species


7. Can you identify the correct sequence of taxonomical categories?
(a) Species Order Phylum Kingdom
(b) Genus Species Order Kingdom
(c) Species Genus Order Phylum
Answer
From the given options (a) and (b) is the correct sequence of taxonomical categories.



8. Try to collect all the currently accepted meanings for the word ‘species’. Discuss with your teacher the meaning of species in case of higher plants and animals on one hand, and bacteria on the other hand.
Answer
  1. The term species comes from the Latin species , which means class, type, category or characteristic aspect.
  2. The species is the group of organisms that can reproduce and produce fertile offspring. 
  3. The species is a basic category in the classification of living being, it is part of the genus or subgenus and contains varieties or races.
  4. In general, individuals of a species are recognized because they are similar in shape and function. 
  5. However, many times the individuals of a species are very different. 
  6. For example, males and females in birds are very different, tadpoles are very different from frogs, caterpillars are very different from butterflies.
  7. The bacterium is the smallest unicellular organism that exists on earth , it belongs to the monera kingdom and is characterized by having a prokaryotic cell. 
  8. It is a set of organisms with equality in terms of their biological characteristics, that is, microorganisms of the same species, they are called bacterial strains or colonies. 
  9. For example, E. Coli is a bacterial microorganism that lives in the intestinal tract and does not live alone. It does so by forming strains or colonies.


9. Define and understand the following terms:
(i) Phylum 
(ii) Class 
(iii) Family 
(iv) Order 
(v) Genus
Answer
  1. (i) Phylum : The phylum is the second highest unit of system of classification after the Kingdom. It includes one or more related kinds of animals. In plants, instead of phylum, the term ‘division’ is used.
  2. (ii) Class : The class is a taxonomic group in classification system consisting of one or more related orders. For example, the class of the Mammalia are includes many orders like Primata (Man), Carnivora (tiger) etc.
  3. (iii) Family : Family is a taxonomic group in classification system containing one or more related genera, eg., Family hominidae contains apes, monkeys and man. In plants, families are categorized on the basis of vegetative and reproductive features.
  4. (iv) Order : Order is a taxonomic group in classification system containing one or more families. For example, the order, carnivora, includes many families.
  5. (v) Genus : Genus is a taxonomic group in classification system including closely related species. For example, the genus, Solanum, includes many species such as nigrum, melongena, tuberosum, etc.


10. How is a key helpful in the identification and classification of an organism?
Answer
  1. Key is the important taxonomical aid which is used for identification and classification of plants and animals on the basis of similarities and dissimilarities. 
  2. The keys are based on the contrasting characters generally in a pair called couplet. 
  3. It represents the choice made between two opposite options. This results in acceptance of only one and rejection of the other. 
  4. Each statement in the key is called a lead. 
  5. Separate taxonomic keys are required for each taxonomic category such as family, genus and species for identification purposes. 
  6. Keys are generally analytical in nature.
  7. Another type of key used for identification and classification is the Polyclave or Multi-entry key. 
  8. Generally it is consists of a list of numerous character. The user selects all states that match the specimen. Polyclave keys are implemented by a computer algorithm.
  9. Key is helpful in various areas such as agriculture, forestry, industry and in knowing our bioresources.
  10. Biologists use herbarium, botanical gardens, museum, zoological parks and taxonomical keys, while doing taxonomical studies.


11. Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal.
Answer
Taxonomical hierarchy of Mango
  1. Kingdom - Plantae
  2. Division - Embryophyta or Angiospermae
  3. Class- Dicotyledonae
  4. Order - Sapindales
  5. Family- Anacardiaceae
  6. Genus- Mangifera
  7. Species- indica

Taxonomic Classification of Man
  1. Kingdom - Animalia
  2. Phylum - Chordata
  3. Subphylum - Vertebrata
  4. Class - Mammalia
  5. Order - Primates
  6. Family - Hominidae
  7. Genus - Homo
  8. Species - Homo sapiens

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Important Other Questions and answers on Class 11 Biology chapter  1 Living World.

1. What are living things?
Answer : Living beings or organisms are all complex structures that fulfill functions such as food, development, reproduction and interactions with other organisms, including energy exchange with the environment that surrounds them. That is, they are all organisms such as cells, animals, plants and fungi. The structure of living things is formed with cells. There are unicellular and multicellular living beings. The unicellulars are made up of a cell, like bacteria. Multicellular cells are made up of many cells. The life cycle of living things encompasses birth, growth, reproduction, and death. To survive, they need to obtain energy through nutrition.


2. What are the characteristics of living things  
Answer: Although there is a wide diversity of living beings, they all share certain characteristics:

Cellular Organization: Some organisms are unicellular, while others are multicellular. According to this, the structure has several levels of organization, which can range from biomolecules to the formation of tissues, bones and organs of more complex living beings.

Development and Reproduction : Organisms go through a life cycle that encompasses birth, development, reproduction, and death. This involves a series of internal and external changes (increase in size, weight, shape, etc.). At one point in their development they are ready to reproduce, either sexually or asexually.

Metabolic reactions: living beings carry out the functions of nutrition, metabolism and excretion. This means that after eating, they do a process called metabolism, which consists of the absorption, transformation and release of energy necessary for their essential activities. Then the body is responsible for expelling toxic waste through excretion.

Respond to stimuli : Every living being has the ability to receive stimuli from the environment, process it and take that information to generate a short or long-term response. An animal that runs away when listening to its predators is responding to a stimulus.

Self Consciousness : All organisms have the ability to self-regulate to compensate internally for changes that occur in the environment. This ability is known as homeostasis and is vital for survival. An example of homeostasis is human perspiration, which allows to maintain the internal temperature of the body.

Adapt to the environment : Any living organism has the ability to adapt to the environment that surrounds it. In this way, it ensures its own survival and that of its species.


3. Role of human being in biodiversity 
conservation.
Answer : Human being is the most developed animal among all other animals. Explanation: Biodiversity is the richness of diversity among various species. ... So, it the the Responsibility of human beings to conserve biodiversity. Human being can conserve biodiversity as well as can destroy. By human activities like deforestation, forest fires etc the biodiversity of earth are destroyed. it can be conserved by baning human activities.
  1. Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains.
  2. The genetic diversity of plants and animals is preserved. 
  3. It ensures the sustainable utilisation of life support systems on earth.It provides a vast knowledge of potential use to the scientific community.
  4. A reservoir of wild animals and plants is preserved, thus enabling them to be introduced, if need be, in the surrounding areas.
  5. Biological diversity provides immediate benefits to the society such as recreation and tourism.
  6. Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future.


4. Importance of botanical garden.
Answer : Botanical gardens are the places where plants of different varieties collected from different parts of the world, are grown in a scientific and systematic in a in vivo manner. Plants are labeled. The label-board shows scientific as well as common name of the plant.

1. Taxonomic Studies:
Botanical gardens provide valuable information on various plants Local flora, bonsai, rare plants etc. They act as “outdoor laboratories” for students and researchers.

2. Botanical Research:
Botanical gardens supply wide range of plant species, seeds, flowers, fruits for botanical research.

3. Conservation:
Botanical gardens conserve and propagate rare species and genetic diversity.

4. Education:
They supply facilities for courses in local flora, horticulture, hybridization, plant propagation, etc.


5. How can you, as an individual, prevent the loss of Biodiversity?
Answer : Preventing the loss of biodiversity must be the primary goal of the entire human race and must be done at an immediate basis. With a few simple habit changes and pro-active actions, you can reduce your adverse impact on the environment and encourage local biodiversity.
  1. Help Native Pollinators.
  2. Reduce or eliminate pesticides and fertilizer.
  3. Restore habitat in your yard.
  4. Restore habitat in your community.
  5. Reduce your consumption.



FAQs on NCERT solutions for class 11 Biology chapter 1 Living World 

How Can I get NCERT solutions for Class 11 Biology chapter 1 Living World 
Answer : Our Class 11 Biology Textbook Solutions  is available on Google with the intention of providing the Students Solutions of the problems, which they face during their class 11 Biology Subject Preparation. We Provide here all chapters  solutions of NCERT solutions for each subject. These Solutions are prepared by keeping in mind the guidelines of the CBSE state board Class 11. Apart from the guidelines, Class 11 Biology Textbook Solutions are prepared chapter-wise of CBSE board class 11 Biology Textbook. Therefore, students of class 11 can use our Biology textbook Solutions for the best preparation of the CBSE board annual Exam of Class 11.


Can I get NCERT Textbook Solutions For Class 11 Biology chapter 1 living world in PDF format ? 
Answer: yes...... 
NCERt Textbook Solutions for Class 11 Biology questions with Chapter-wise, detailed are given with the objective of helping students compare their answers with the examples are given here. Our NCERT Textbook solutions provide a strong foundation for every chapter. They ensure a smooth and easy knowledge of advanced concepts. NCERT Solution for Class 11th is a very important Solution for Class 11th Students. Student can download NCERT board textbook Solutions for Class 11th free of cost here.


Why ybstudy NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology chapter 1 Living World is Important?
Answer: our NCERT Textbook Solutions for Class 11 Chapter 1 living world increase the students base for conceptual knowledge. It provides a complete preview of the prescribed syllabus of Chapter 1 LivingWorld, as the CBSE board doesn't have a detailed description of chapter  Living World syllabus and solutions also. All the important definitions and concepts of Class 11 living world are completely solved in our Solutions, which works to score high in class 11 annual exam. Importantly, the Class 11th biology book Solution is best reference for those students planning for competitive examinations such as NEET, NSO etc. When the CBSE board textbook is accompanied with the solutions, the knowledge of each and every concepts becomes simple and in-depth. Moreover, students can trail into the solutions without break in topics, as it is designed to give a step-by-step explanation. Try out  our Biology textbook solutions for the Class 11 and learn from the resources.