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MCQ on Mendelian Genetics Pdf

Multiple Choice Questions on Mendelian Genetics

1.Who is known as the father of genetics?

(1) Gregor Johann Mendel

(2) Charles Chamberlain 

(3) William Batson 

(4) William brown 

Answer: 1


2. What branch of biology focusses on the study of patterns of inheritance?

(1) Genetics

(2) Immunology

(3) Ecology 

(4) Molecular Biology 

Answer: 1


3. The process of transfer of characters from parents to offspring is referred to as______

(1) Heredity 

(2) Heritage

(3) Gene Expression

(4) Variation

Answer: 1 


4. Who proposed the laws of inheritance in living organisms?

(1) Gregor Mendel

(2) Rosalind Franklin 

(3) Francis Crick

(4) Charles Chamberlain 

Answer: 1


5. What technique in plant biology was used by Gregor Mendel to derive the patterns of inheritance?

(1) Hybridization

(2) Mutagenesis

(3) Recombinant DNA Technology 

(4) Gene cloning 

Answer: 1


6. Genotype refers as______

(1) physical expression of the genes

(2) Genetic constitution of organisms 

(3) whether an allele is dominant or recessive

(4) how an organism will appear

Answer: 2


7. Phenotype refers as______

(1) physical expression of the gene

(2) Genetic constitution of organisms 

(3) whether an allele is dominant or recessive

(4) None of these 

Answer: 1


8. Which is the First law of Mendel?

(1) Law of dominance 

(2) Law of segregation 

(3) Law of independent assortment 

(4) None 

Answer: 1


9. Mendel worked on ____________ plant.

(1) Ground nut

(2) Cashew nut

(3) Pea plant

(4) Tea-plant

Answer: 3


10. Which technique is used by Mendel for hybridization ?

(1) Emasculation

(2) Bagging

(3) Protoplast fusion

(4) Both A & B

Answer: 1


11. Mendel's principles of inheritance are based on –

(1) Vegetative reproduction

(2) Asexual reproduction

(3) Sexual reproduction

(4) All of the above

Answer: 3


12. Which law of Mendel can be explained on chromosomal basis of inheritance ?

(1) Law of dominance

(2) Law of segregation

(3) Law of independent assortment

(4) All the above

Answer: 3


13. Which one of the following can not be explained on the basis of Mendel's law of dominance?

(1) The discrete unit controlling a particular character is called a factor

(2) Out of one pair of factors one is dominant, and the other recessive.

(3) Alleles do not show any blending and both the characters recover as such in F2 generation.

(4) Factors occur in pairs

Answer: 3


14. Johann Gregor Mendel is famous for propounding_____

(1) Theory of mutation

(2) Laws of heredity

(3) Cell theory

(4) Theory of acquired characters

Answer: 2


15. F2 generation in a Mendelian cross showed that both genotypic and phenotypic ratios are same as 1 : 2 : 1 . It represents in case of_______

(1) Co - Dominance

(2) Dihybrid Cross

(3) Monohybrid cross with complete dominance

(4) Monohybrid cross with incomplete dominance

Answer: 4


16. A test cross is carried out to________

(1) determine the genotype of a plant at F1

(2) Predict whether two traits are linked

(3) assess the number of alleles of a gene

(4) determine whether two species or varieties will breed successfully.

Answer: 1

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